雷波| 长清| 汝阳| 金溪| 镇雄| 潍坊| 佛山| 宜黄| 沂水| 新乡| 云安| 伊通| 新和| 武陟| 清镇| 天门| 延寿| 峡江| 漳平| 墨竹工卡| 突泉| 梅县| 鄂托克前旗| 呼兰| 定州| 五台| 桂平| 阿瓦提| 双桥| 德昌| 万安| 长武| 济南| 咸阳| 阳城| 宣威| 镇坪| 大厂| 赞皇| 乌海| 威远| 罗定| 如皋| 凤山| 依安| 南岳| 奉化| 西宁| 江孜| 钟山| 冷水江| 潮南| 井冈山| 博野| 海盐| 澳门| 扎鲁特旗| 临潭| 新津| 原平| 凤城| 大安| 云县| 通榆| 耒阳| 邓州| 通海| 桃江| 沙河| 潮州| 金昌| 万山| 达州| 滦南| 正定| 监利| 顺平| 安国| 吉安市| 枣强| 资溪| 乐平| 临沭| 麻城| 平度| 邵阳县| 招远| 蔚县| 姚安| 唐县| 连江| 赣州| 西和| 久治| 常熟| 灵石| 北碚| 岚山| 襄樊| 贵港| 绥棱| 康马| 邵阳市| 耿马| 贵溪| 南召| 南宁| 清水河| 阿合奇| 固始| 东光| 依兰| 清徐| 济源| 阿城| 武穴| 普兰店| 南岳| 都匀| 乳山| 大丰| 陆良| 武冈| 承德县| 沁源| 奉新| 聂拉木| 雅江| 正镶白旗| 茂港| 泉州| 乳山| 麻江| 围场| 铁岭市| 宝丰| 白朗| 兴业| 芮城| 开封市| 广水| 巴南| 蠡县| 武都| 徽县| 乌什| 金山| 纳雍| 玉田| 甘泉| 会泽| 石家庄| 大田| 黎城| 蒲县| 涉县| 孟州| 聂拉木| 昔阳| 郫县| 路桥| 河北| 武邑| 六盘水| 九龙坡| 姜堰| 周宁| 饶平| 杭州| 延津| 噶尔| 隆安| 镇雄| 藁城| 隆化| 吴起| 波密| 白朗| 高台| 赣榆| 呼图壁| 绛县| 滴道| 萧县| 望都| 马边| 始兴| 和县| 西盟| 沐川| 关岭| 荣县| 吉安县| 城口| 衢江| 沂南| 井研| 南华| 五莲| 札达| 丹寨| 鄂温克族自治旗| 亚东| 新乡| 咸宁| 铁山| 朔州| 景泰| 庄河| 宝鸡| 普宁| 留坝| 富民| 铜鼓| 勉县| 邹平| 甘泉| 西丰| 公主岭| 泉港| 婺源| 云林| 潢川| 腾冲| 卫辉| 武安| 秀山| 张北| 新宾| 曲靖| 昆山| 辉县| 贡山| 苍山| 武川| 泾县| 漳平| 名山| 本溪满族自治县| 洪湖| 石泉| 兴县| 集美| 舞阳| 吉木萨尔| 白朗| 鄂托克旗| 沙湾| 五台| 济南| 六合| 尖扎| 灵璧| 石龙| 牟定| 开远| 鄂伦春自治旗| 西和| 察哈尔右翼后旗| 兖州| 朔州| 临沂| 康县|

车讯:将于芝加哥车展亮相 Ram特别版车型官图

2019-05-24 20:54 来源:汉网

  车讯:将于芝加哥车展亮相 Ram特别版车型官图

  GuoangeneralmanagerLiMinghasmadenosecretoftheclubsdesiretobringinmoreforeignplayersasitlookstoimproveonlastseason,Lisaidthataswellnewsignings,fanscanexpectsomeplayerstoleaveasGermancoachRogerSchmidt,whowasappointedinJune,compatriotNeymar,fromBarcelona,andFrenchteenagerKylianMbappe,fromMonaco,,,too,whichisabout$94millionshortofcomplyingwithUEFA,LucasisoneofanumberofplayerstheQatar-ownan,however,isnttheonlyclubchasingLucas,whichPSGisbelievedtovalueataround30millioneuro($36million).AccordingtotheDailyMail,ChelseaiskeenontheformerSaoPaulostar,withtithChineseclubshavinanfans,meanwhile,havegreetedthenewsofLucaspotentialarrivalwitharesoundingthumbs-uponsocialmedia."Afteralltheseyears,Guoanisfinallygettingapowerfulforeignplayer-Iamsoexcited,"onesupporter,LiLuanjie,wroteonWeibo."ThereisnoplaceforLucasatPSG,thereforehisdecisiontocometoGuoanisdefinitelyawiseone,"saidanotherfan.Thefamilyofa74-year-oldmanwhowasshotandkilledwhilegettinghistrashcanfromoutsidehisNashvillehomesharedthememoriesofthatfatefulday,,ahusbandandfatherwhohadretiredfromtheeducationbureauinChina,wasvisitinghissonsinceSeptemberwhenhewaskilledshortlybefore4pmonNov9alongClaiborneStreet."Thelocalpolicetoldmetheremightbefoursuspects,andtwosuspects-a15-year-oldgirlanda14-year-oldboy-werearrested,"saidWangYun,thevictim"AlthoughmyfathercouldnotspeakEnglish,hewasalwayssmiling,"saidWangYun."Idontunderstandwhysomeonewouldbesocrueltosuchaniceperson.""WhenIheardaboutshootingsinLasVegasandOrlando,Ifelttheyareveryfarawayfromme,butthatsnotthecase,",Zhailookedforherhusbandandranoutsidetofindhimnearsometreesacrossthestreet,about10metersfromhersonshome."Isawhimlyingthere,"Zhaisaid,usinghersonasatranslator."Hewasntbreathing.""MymotherandIcouldn,",andworkedasacomputerengineeratVanderbiltUniversityinNashville,Tennessee.

HouBo,bornin1924,isaChi,HoujoinedtheCommunistPartyofChinaattheageof14andlearnedphotographyduringtheWarofResistanceagainstJapaneseAggression(1931-45)inordertopresentabetterimageofthePartyedongbeforehediedin1976,schildrenusedtocallher"AuntHouBo".Between1949and1961,HoulivedandworkedinZhongnanhai,theheadquartersoftheCommunistPartyofChina,,shewastheonlywomanphotographerinMaosfilmcrew,,Houandherph,France,theUK,Germany,,acollectionof187photostakenthroughtheyears,wontheNationalBookAward.PARIS-BrigitteMacron,wifeofFrenchPresidentEmmanuelMacron,revealedthenameofthepandababy,thefirst-evercubborninthecountry,,BrigitteMacron,whoisalsothenewpandasgodmother,announcedthatthefour-month-oldcub,thebabypandahadbeencalledas"MiniYuanZi,"referringtohisfatherYuanZi,whoarrivedwithhisfemalepartnerHuanHuanincentralFrancesBeauvalzooinJanuary2012."YuanMengistheenergeticandvigorousfruitoftheFranco-Chinesefriendship,"saidMacron."YuanMengandhisparentsaretheillustrationofadialoguethathasalwaysbeenfruitfulbetweenourtwocountrieswho,forcenturies,havegotalongandunderstoodeachother,",,HuanHuangavebirthtotwincubs,,butabandonedthefirstafterthesecondcubwasborn,,femalepandasraiseonlyonecub,the"strongest",,ConservationofNature(IUCN).

  AMMAN,Jordan-Elevenyear-oldSyrianrefugeeRaghdaHasriyehwhacksabad,shehasbeenplayingthesportforalmostayearthankstoaUScharity-andnowshedreamsoftakingonall-comers.","Raghdasaid."IhopethatIcantravelaroundthewholeworldandtakepartinArabchampionshipsandinternationalones."SincetheconflictinSyriabrokeoutin2011theUnitedNationsestimatesmorethan330,000childratteredhometownofHomsbeforegraduallymakingtheirwaytosafetyinthekingdom."GodaloneknowswhatwouldhavehappenedtomyfivechildrenandIifIhadnotdecidedtofleemycountry,"saidRaghda,squashhasprovedagodsendforthechildren."Idontunderstandanythi,",thecharitybehindtheprogram,insiststhatgettingtherefugeegirlsinvolvedinthesportcanbeinvaluableinhelpingthemdealwiththehardshipstheyface."Todaytheteamismadeupoffourgirlsandwearelookingtoexpanditto15,"saidfounderClaytonKeir."WetrainfivetimesaweekandtrainingincludesEnglishlessonsaimedathelpingthemcompeteintournamentsinJordanandabroad."CoachReemNiaz-herselfarefugeefr"releasethepotentialinsidethemselvesandletoffsteamdoingsomethingpositive,"shesaid.""Forthegirls,thereismoretotheirsquash-playingdreamthanjustwinningtournaments-theyhopeonedaytorepresentSyriaatthesport."Iwanttotakepartinchampionshipsacrosstheglobeandhelpraisemycountrysspirits,"012withhertwochildreninherarms."Therewasnothingleftthere,,"reigncountry-forherdaughter,squashisatleastprovidingachinkoflight."Sheisdoingsomethingthatweneverhadthechancetoaccomplishinourlives,"A-Long,aShenzhen-basedonlineillustrator,isfondofChina,hehascombinedthepandaimagewithvariousinternationallyrenownedpaintings,causinganinternetsensation.“oilpaintings,”,hehasbeenplanningtodothesecreativepaintingsforsometime,andisgladthatsomanypeoplelikehisstyle.“InotonlypayattentiontoChinesetraditionalpaintings,butwesternmasterpieces,andIwanttoshowthattheChinesepandanotonlymatcheswellwithChinesestyleelements,butstandsasapotentialimageforworldculture,”,let’scheckoutwhatitlookslikewhentheChinesepandastepsintotheworldoffamouspaintings.

  TheannualVictoria,ithasge,mostofall,promotethebrand’sgoodsSecret,whojoinedthe2009VictoriasSecretFashionShow,,HeSui,sSecretFashionShowwastapedNov20inShanghai,ChinaattheMercedes-BenzArena,,itwasdividedintoPunkAngels,PorcelainAngels,WintersTales,MillenialNation,,withelaboratecostumedlingerieandmusicbyleadingsingers,thefirstshowwasheldatthePlazaHotelinNewYorkCityinAugust1995withagoalofmarketingthebrandforValentine,theshowhasbeenheldinonlysevencities:NewYorkCity,Miami,LosAngeles,Cannes,Paris,,let’sreviewsomeclassicmomentsfromtheshow’spast22years.OnlyashortwalkfromtheNationalMall,itlookslikeagoodplacetolive,/Shawand14thStreetareahasfastbeenturnedintoanupscaleneighborhoodinrecentyears,w,butnotquitesotoDerekHyra,anassociateprofessorattheAmerica,Race,Class,andPoliticsintheCappuccinoCity,/Shawarea,wherethecitysoncemostinfamousopen-airdrugmarkethasbecomeafarmers,a90percentblackneighborhoodjustafewdecadesago,,"darkghetto"hasbeenturnedintoa"gildedghetto".ToHyra,ithascausednotjustresidentialdisplacementforAfricanAmericansbutalsopoliticalandculturaldisplacement.

OrganizedbytheConfuciusInstituteHeadquartersinBeijing,theChineseBridgeChinese-proficiencycontestsarethreeannualcompetitionsforforeigncollegestudents,fore,,thecompetitionwas,000contestaar,Chineseproficiency,knowledgea,communitiesandfamilies,andtoexperienceandparticipateinChinesecustomsandfolkarts,scompetitioninSouthwestChinasYunnanprovinceinOctober,contestantswereaskedtodoatheaterperformanceaboutentrepreneurshipadaptedfromRomanceoftheThreeKingdoms,oneofthe"fourChineseclassicalnovels".Somecontestantsalsodisplayedproficienciesincalligraphy,painting,acrobatics,kungfuandtraditionalinstruments.

  TheannualVictoriasSecretFashionShowwilltakeplaceinShanghaiinNovemberthisyear,mark,ahandfulofveteranAngels,includingAdrianaLima,AlessandraAmbrosio,BehatiPrinsloo,CandiceSwanepoel,LilyAldridge,ElsaHosk,JasmineTookes,JosephineSkriver,LaisRibeiro,MarthaHunt,RomeeStrijd,SaraSampaioandStellaMaxwesshowforChinesemustbethesixChinesemodelsincludingHeSui,LiuWen,XiMengyao,JuXiaowen,XieXinandEstelleChen,aFrenchmodelofChinesedescent,whowillbeinvolvedinit,,ithasputforwardtheslogan,"NiHao,Shanghai",sayingthat,"Fromitsiconicskylinetoitsmajorfashioncred,Chinasvibrant,modernmetropolismakestheperfectbackdropfortheworldssexiestrunway."ThenewfashionshowvenuereflectsthebrandsaimtoappealtoChineseconsumersandthereareplanstoexpandinthenations"fast-growingmarket,"accordingtotheofficialVictoria"OscarAwardsinfashioncircles,"the2017VictoriasSecretFashionShow,whichwillconsistofaredcarpetfashionshow,modelbriefing,looksbehindthescenesandsuperstarperformances,,letstakeacloserlookatsomeiconicmomentsfromtheshowsstagemadebyChineseAngels.

  BERLIN-BayernMunichovercameParisSaint-Germain3-1onthebracefro,theBundes,theBundesligarecordchampionsgrabbedafairytalestartasRobertLewandowskicapitalizedonacrossfromJamesRodriguezandaflickedonheaderfromKingsleyCedthefirstdangerouss,BayerngoalkeeperSvenUlreichwasonguardandtippedNeymarnJamesRodriguezpinpointcrossintotheboxmetCorentinTolisso,t,butthevisitorsshowedavitalsignaftertherestartasEdinsonCavaniscrossa"PSG"goalwouldtakethewindoutofBayernKingsleyComan"Bavarians"pressedfreneticallyforanothergoalwhereasParisSaint-Germainremaineddan,"PSG"completethegroupstageatopGroupBfollowedbyBayernMunich,CelticandRSCAnderlecht.","BayernheadcoachJuppHeynckessaid.Chinahastakentheleadworldwideindigitaltechnologies,whicharesettotransformandcreate10to45percentofindustryrevenuesby2030,accordingtothelatestreportreleasedbythethinktankMcKinseyGlobalInstitute(MGI).Thereport,titledDigitalChinaPoweringtheEconomytoGlobalCompetitiveness,saidChinaaccountedforlessthan1percentofthese-commercetransactionsisestimatedtoexceedFrance,Germany,Japan,$790billionin2016,,,Chinaentersthetopthreeintheworldforventurecapitalinvestmentsinvirtualreality,autonomousvehicles,roboticsanddrones,ationisrapidlyclosing,andChinaisinfactrankedhigherinsomesectorsontheMGIIndustryDigitizationIndex,suchasretailtrade,entertainmentandrecreation,utilities,healthcare,,dig,Chinawasalreadytheworldsinternetgiants-BaiduInc,AlibabaGroupHoldingandTencentHoldings,mployees,,thegovernment,whichisalsoaninvestorandconsumerofdigitaltechnology,

  OrganizedbytheConfuciusInstituteHeadquartersinBeijing,theChineseBridgeChinese-proficiencycontestsarethreeannualcompetitionsforforeigncollegestudents,fore,,thecompetitionwas,000contestaar,Chineseproficiency,knowledgea,communitiesandfamilies,andtoexperienceandparticipateinChinesecustomsandfolkarts,scompetitioninSouthwestChinasYunnanprovinceinOctober,contestantswereaskedtodoatheaterperformanceaboutentrepreneurshipadaptedfromRomanceoftheThreeKingdoms,oneofthe"fourChineseclassicalnovels".Somecontestantsalsodisplayedproficienciesincalligraphy,painting,acrobatics,kungfuandtraditionalinstruments.

  Chinaisacceleratingitsplantocarryoutthe"BroadbandChina"strategytodevelopdigitaleconomy.[Photo/IC]Chinaisacceleratingitsplantocarryoutthe"BroadbandChina"iber,5GnetworksandquantumcommunicationnetworkswerereleasedbytheNationalDevelopmentandReformCommission(NDRC).AccordingtotheNDRC,theopticalfiberprojectwith100MbpcapacitywillbepromotedtoChinavillages,andtheregionssmunicipalities,capitalcitiesandmajorcityclustersinPearlRiver,YangtzeRiverdeltaareas,jing-Tianjin-HebeiregionandtheYangtzeRivereconomiczone,,thebuildingofinformationinfrastructurewillboominruralareasofcentralandwesternregions,andfirst-tiercitieswillenterinto5Gandquantumera,BernardCharles,chiefexecutiveofficerofsoftwarecompanyDassaultSystemes.[Photo/VCG]Thebeautyofvirtualrealityisthatithelpsyouimagineabetterworldevenifyoudontknowhowtoachieveit,saystheheadofFrenchsoftwarefirmDassaultSystemesWhenBernardCharleslandsinBeijing,,hisChinese"contact",WeChata,includingaviation,andwasinvolvedinChinasfirsthomegrownlargepassengerjet,theC919,whichmadeitsmaidenflightinMay."Whenwesetupacollaborativeplatformtohelpdevelopthenext-generationcivilaircraftinthecountry,weworkedwithsuppliersfromEuropeancountriesandothernations,"Charlessaid."BymakingthemvisibletonewclientsinChina,wearebuildingavirtualbelttoconnectthemhere,",DassaultSystemesisbasedinVelizy-VillacoublayinthesouthwesternsuburbsofParisandhasamarketcapitalizationof$,,000andaclientlistwhichincludesChinasleadingaircraftmanufacturer,CommercialandAircraftCorpofChinaLtd,,theworld,thesoftwaregiantislookingtoincreaseitspresencehere."Wewanttobethecatalystandenablerof(helpingtotransform)manufacturing,",hewentontotalkaboutDassaultSystemesadeaspeechattheBoaoForumin2015,forusthatthedoor,globalizationbringschallengestotheworldbutitalsohelpsi,thewinnersarenotthosewithbigslicesofthemarket,ativ,itisquitedifficultforalotofFrenchsmall-andmedium-sizedenter,sfutureprospectsinChinaTheneedforthecountrytotransformthemanufacturing,wewanttobethebest"catalystandenabler"of(helpingto),,andmanufacturingprogramsinEuropeandtheUnitedStatesTheyal-,b,intermsofmanufacturing,atithelpsyouimagineabetterworldevenifyoudones,suchasenvironmentaldegradation,,onbases,,theworldistransportingmanythings,suchasrawmaterialsandwaste,everyday,,,wecanliftthemfivetimeslessinrealitybyusingVR(toscaneveryangleoftheproducts).ThatsavestimeandenergyespeciallyinChina,stechnologyisusedindifferentindustries,,itisnotonlyaboutwhatwecando,,butifweunderstandwhatisvaluable,andifwebelievewecandoitbetter,thenwehavetotry(tobethebest).Sinceyoutookover,DassaultSystemeshasgoneonabuyingspree,buthowdoyouintegratethosecompaniesintothegroupWearealwaysatadisadvantagecomparedtoourcompetitors,especiallythosefromtheUS,,welearnhowtodobusinessindifferentcountries,,ifyouwanttoconvincesomeonetobewithyou,-,,,ourcustomersareverystrong,yimportanttoacompany(tendto),,,suchasvisitingmuseums,:60Nationality:FrenchCareer:2016:vice-chairmanandCEOofDassaultSystemes1995:presidentandCEOofDassaultSystemes1988:promotedtopresidentofstrategy,researchanddevelopmentatDassaultSystemes1983::AgraduateoftheEcoleNormaleSuperieureengineeringschoolinCachanandaPhDinmechanicalengineering,:Marriedwithfivechildren

  OnlyashortwalkfromtheNationalMall,itlookslikeagoodplacetolive,/Shawand14thStreetareahasfastbeenturnedintoanupscaleneighborhoodinrecentyears,w,butnotquitesotoDerekHyra,anassociateprofessorattheAmerica,Race,Class,andPoliticsintheCappuccinoCity,/Shawarea,wherethecitysoncemostinfamousopen-airdrugmarkethasbecomeafarmers,a90percentblackneighborhoodjustafewdecadesago,,"darkghetto"hasbeenturnedintoa"gildedghetto".ToHyra,ithascausednotjustresidentialdisplacementforAfricanAmericansbutalsopoliticalandculturaldisplacement.

  HouBo,bornin1924,isaChi,HoujoinedtheCommunistPartyofChinaattheageof14andlearnedphotographyduringtheWarofResistanceagainstJapaneseAggression(1931-45)inordertopresentabetterimageofthePartyedongbeforehediedin1976,schildrenusedtocallher"AuntHouBo".Between1949and1961,HoulivedandworkedinZhongnanhai,theheadquartersoftheCommunistPartyofChina,,shewastheonlywomanphotographerinMaosfilmcrew,,Houandherph,France,theUK,Germany,,acollectionof187photostakenthroughtheyears,wontheNationalBookAward.

  WhatwasbehindthedecisionbySamsungtoacquireHarmanBothcompanies,HarmanandSamsung,(tothepartnership).Samsungbringscarelectronics,semiconductortechnology,sensors,displays,,ifyoucombinethesetwo,youhavethesbusinessThisnewrelationshipisextremelypowerfulforallourautomakers,,andHarmanisamarkuctsandsolutionswit,S,willHarmanexpandfasterhereWehaveamandatefromSamsungtocontinueo(TechnologiesCoLtd)(Inc),andwewilljointlydev"firewalls"betweenthe,,whilecompetingwithAppleinthesmartphonemarket,,beenaroundfor70yearsandk,elligenceT,,ouraugmentedrealitysolutionenablesdriverstoreceivetipsonnavigationorwarningsofroadconditionsaheadonadisplayscreen.(Wecombinethiswith)"contextual"navigationalprompts,,,thiscanbecombinedwithothertec,orher,,,,sowhatisyourmanagementstrategyConsumerswantdifferentproductsthatmeetthedemandsofvariousscenariosincars,,eneedsofcustomersatevery,,ShanghaiAutomotiveIndustryCorporation(SAIC),BYD,BMWBrilliance(BMWJV),,wecanofferautomakersarangeofsolutionst,,,,allourbesttechnologies,whetherdevelopedinChinaorelsewhere,,ourspouse,ourfamilyhastobeveryunderstandingbecauseourjob,ourresponsibility,,"Imgoingtobehomeeveryeveningat5pm,",andsometimesforweeks,"purpose",:60Nationality:UnitedStatesCareer:2017:PresidentandCEOofHarmanInternationalIndustriesIncBefore2008:PresidentofABBGroup,presidentforABBglobalautomationdivisionandboardmemberofBristol-MyersSquibbandRaytheonEducation:MastersdegreeinengineeringfromtheIndianInstituteofTechnology(IITRoorkee).OpennessandinnovationwilldominatetheagendaofthisyearsFortuneGlobalForuminGuangzhouwhentopexecutivesoftheworldslargestcompaniesgatherinthesouthernChinesecity,underscoringChinasrisingroleasastrongadfrominternationalCEOsintheChinesemarketbutalsoamanifestationofthecountry,whichlastfromDec6to8,willcenteronthetheme"OpennessandInnovation:ShapingtheGlobalEconomy"andglobalbusinessleaderswillsharetheirviewswiththeirChinesecounterpartsontopicsincludingthelatesttrendsinthetechnologicalrevolution,theoutlookfortheworldseconomy,andhowmultinationalcompaniesshhereportdeliveredbyGeneralSecretaryXiJinpingatsontheprospectsoftheworldssecondlargesteconomy,theimplicationsofChinasrisingmiddleclass,rapidurbanizationandexpandingdigitaltechnologies,aswellashowthecountryeondevelopmentwithinternationalexperiencewillbenefitfutureglobaldevelopment."Theworldisnowfacedwithseveralcriticalissuesincludingthelackofaninnerdrivingforceforgrowthanddevelopmentandarisinganti-globalizationsentimentatthemoment,"saidXuHongcai,deputychiefeconomistattheChinaCenterforInternationalEconomicExchanges."ChinahascomeupwithsolutionssuchastheBeltandRoadInitiativethataimtocreateamoreopenandinclusiveinternationalcooperationplatformtofuelanewroundofdevelopment,",chiefcontentofficerofTimeIncandpresidentofFortunemagazine,saidthattheGuangzhouforumwillbeapowerfuldemonstrationoftheimportanceofglobalcommerceandtheprofoundchangethattechnologyisbringingtoglobalbusinessatatimewhenglobalizationisunderattack."Guangzhou,Chinassoutherngatewaytotheworld,,GuangzhouisbotharenownedsymbolandamodernmanifestationofChinasparticipationinglobalcommerce,",anothermajorthemeoftheGuangzhouforum,Chinahasbeentransformingfromacopycatintoaleaderintheareasofe-commerceandfinancialtechnology,thankstothecountrya,founderofChinase-commercegiantAlibabaGroupandPonyMa,chairmanofTencentHoldings,ersandsharetheirthoughtsonentrepreneurshipandwhatansformativetechnologiesonthehorizon,theimpactofChinaemergingasamajorinnovgiesincludingvirtualreality,artificialintelligence,autonomousvehicles,and3Dprinting,withaboutonethirdoftheworlds"unicorn"companies(startupsvaluedatmorethan$1billion)hailingfromthecountry,accordingtoglobalconsultingfirmMcKinseyCompany."TheChinesemarketplaceitselfisdemandingacapacitytoinnovatethatdidnotexistbefore,"saidJonathanWoetzel,,entrepreneurship,andaregulatoryenvironmentthathasbeenfuelinginnovationinChina.

  

  车讯:将于芝加哥车展亮相 Ram特别版车型官图

 
责编:

从制度完善入手提高供给质量

OpennessandinnovationwilldominatetheagendaofthisyearsFortuneGlobalForuminGuangzhouwhentopexecutivesoftheworldslargestcompaniesgatherinthesouthernChinesecity,underscoringChinasrisingroleasastrongadfrominternationalCEOsintheChinesemarketbutalsoamanifestationofthecountry,whichlastfromDec6to8,willcenteronthetheme"OpennessandInnovation:ShapingtheGlobalEconomy"andglobalbusinessleaderswillsharetheirviewswiththeirChinesecounterpartsontopicsincludingthelatesttrendsinthetechnologicalrevolution,theoutlookfortheworldseconomy,andhowmultinationalcompaniesshhereportdeliveredbyGeneralSecretaryXiJinpingatsontheprospectsoftheworldssecondlargesteconomy,theimplicationsofChinasrisingmiddleclass,rapidurbanizationandexpandingdigitaltechnologies,aswellashowthecountryeondevelopmentwithinternationalexperiencewillbenefitfutureglobaldevelopment."Theworldisnowfacedwithseveralcriticalissuesincludingthelackofaninnerdrivingforceforgrowthanddevelopmentandarisinganti-globalizationsentimentatthemoment,"saidXuHongcai,deputychiefeconomistattheChinaCenterforInternationalEconomicExchanges."ChinahascomeupwithsolutionssuchastheBeltandRoadInitiativethataimtocreateamoreopenandinclusiveinternationalcooperationplatformtofuelanewroundofdevelopment,",chiefcontentofficerofTimeIncandpresidentofFortunemagazine,saidthattheGuangzhouforumwillbeapowerfuldemonstrationoftheimportanceofglobalcommerceandtheprofoundchangethattechnologyisbringingtoglobalbusinessatatimewhenglobalizationisunderattack."Guangzhou,Chinassoutherngatewaytotheworld,,GuangzhouisbotharenownedsymbolandamodernmanifestationofChinasparticipationinglobalcommerce,",anothermajorthemeoftheGuangzhouforum,Chinahasbeentransformingfromacopycatintoaleaderintheareasofe-commerceandfinancialtechnology,thankstothecountrya,founderofChinase-commercegiantAlibabaGroupandPonyMa,chairmanofTencentHoldings,ersandsharetheirthoughtsonentrepreneurshipandwhatansformativetechnologiesonthehorizon,theimpactofChinaemergingasamajorinnovgiesincludingvirtualreality,artificialintelligence,autonomousvehicles,and3Dprinting,withaboutonethirdoftheworlds"unicorn"companies(startupsvaluedatmorethan$1billion)hailingfromthecountry,accordingtoglobalconsultingfirmMcKinseyCompany."TheChinesemarketplaceitselfisdemandingacapacitytoinnovatethatdidnotexistbefore,"saidJonathanWoetzel,,entrepreneurship,andaregulatoryenvironmentthathasbeenfuelinginnovationinChina.

2019-05-24 08:44 经济日报

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来源标题:从制度完善入手提高供给质量

【编者的话】今年是供给侧结构性改革的深化之年,必须抓住主要矛盾,明确主攻方向,继续取得新进展。中央经济工作会议认为,供给侧结构性改革,最终目的是满足需求,主攻方向是提高供给质量,根本途径是深化改革。我们要按照中央部署,深刻认识和破解改革中的一些难点问题,从制度完善入手提高供给质量,在深入推进上下足功夫,坚定不移把供给侧结构性改革向前推进。

① 促进经济平稳健康发展的必然选择

国际金融危机爆发以来,我国经济发展的国内外条件发生了深刻变化。首先表现为国内外市场需求水平大幅降低,需求对供给的要求发生重大改变。2003年至2007年,我国出口年均增长29.2%,是支持经济高增长的一个重要条件。国际金融危机发生以后,随着世界经济的衰退和国际市场竞争加剧,我国外贸出口增速明显下降。从国内看,长期积累的城镇化矛盾对投资需求形成明显制约,突出表现之一是基础设施、公共服务、优质产业等资源在各城市之间配置不均衡,导致人口过度向大城市集中,出现了大城市人满为患、中小城市人气不足的分化情况。大城市空间不足、土地紧张,中小城市“卖房难”,使房地产进入了长周期调整,房地产投资增速大幅度下降。受其影响,我国固定资产投资增速也大幅降低。长期以来,我国经济一直是投资、出口需求拉动为主的模式,当这两大需求增速大幅度下降之后,尽管消费需求增长大体平稳,但市场总需求水平仍然明显下降,企业普遍面对订单不足的问题。随着需求水平下降,市场供求总量关系从普遍短缺转为普遍过剩。

在供求总量关系变化的背景下,随着居民收入水平的提高和消费品供给的日益丰富,越来越多的家庭对消费品价格的关注度下降,对品质、安全、品牌等方面的要求日益提高,消费从排浪式开始转向个性化、多元化的模式。投资品市场上,随着供给的充裕,采购者的选择性提高,对产品质量、品质的要求也日益提高。

综合看,需求水平、结构、对供给的要求都已发生深刻变化。这必然要求供给的水平、结构、质量要相应变化。我国经济发展的突出问题,已经从强调数量快速扩张,转为强调质量和品牌信誉提高,从强调“有没有”转为强调“好不好”。产品的性价比开始成为决定企业产品能否获得订单的关键因素。应该看到,在国际金融危机等因素影响下,需求的诸方面变化都比较快,但供给的变化则需要更多时间。因为这涉及过剩产能调整,落后产能退出,债务关系调整,企业的增长模式从粗放、低水平数量扩张向集约、质量效益型转变等一系列复杂任务。因此会在一定时期内出现供给不能适应需求、供求之间出现重大结构性失衡的问题。这一问题会使经济运行和经济发展的稳定性、可持续性明显降低,从微观层面的困难企业增加,到宏观层面的金融风险加大,多个方面会出现严峻挑战。因此,从根本上解决当前面对的诸多经济困难,必须要着力推进供给侧结构性改革,加快解决供给不能适应需求的问题,解决供求间重大结构性失衡的矛盾。

② 深化相关领域的改革成为关键

从需求特点的变化看,供给要发生两个方面的变化与之相适应。第一是供给总量水平的调整,亦即解决产能过剩问题;第二是供给体系质量的提高,亦即解决“好不好”的问题。从引起需求水平下降的原因看,还包括拓展发展空间的任务等。而所有这些问题的解决、任务的落实,都需要相关体制机制的支持。

供给总量的调整有两个层面,第一个层面是产量的调整,即企业降低开工率、降低产能利用率;第二个层面是产能的调整,即企业生产线的关、停、并、转。一般的经济周期性波动,主要涉及产量调整。从体制机制方面看,一般在企业财务独立核算、盈亏自负时,就会考虑资金的周转性,就不会边积压边生产。经过多年改革,我国企业这方面的体制机制已经普遍建立,由订单水平决定开工率高低的模式普遍形成。因此,受经济周期性波动影响,需求水平下降、订单水平下降时,从产品产量层面看,供给具备自我调节、动态适应需求变化的能力。而在一些中长期因素影响下,例如国际金融危机、城镇化长期累积矛盾等对外需、内需的制约,市场需求特点变化具有持续的、中长期特点,此时供给仅仅从产量层面调整就已经不够。因为当产能利用率长期处于过低水平时,企业的生产经营将长期处于亏损状态。此时不仅要调低产量,还需要削减产能,一些经营不善、生产水平低下的企业需要破产退出。这就需要市场退出相关体制机制的支持,特别是严格的产权保护制度的支持。例如一些“僵尸”企业,恰恰是因为其形成的资产损失没有及时有力地问责、追责,才使其长时间僵而不死。当前我国在这些方面的体制机制还不够完善,因此调整过剩产能,往往容易依靠政府职能。实践证明,这与市场调节供求、优化资源配置的机制是不相适应的。分析表明,当前根据市场需求变化对供给总量水平的调整,不是短期的、周期性的产量调整,而是中长期的、发展阶段性特点变化后产能层面的调整,因此急需相关体制机制的支持。

从供给体系质量提高方面看,也需要相关体制机制的支持。改革开放以来,随着消费需求、投资需求的快速扩张,我国经济长期处于短缺状态。社会生产力发展最需要解决的是活力和动力问题。因此改革的重点是推进放权让利,进而增强经济活力和动力。在放权让利的改革中,支持企业生产得多、生产得快的相关体制机制较快建立,但约束企业生产得好、制造得优良的机制建立则相对滞后。当市场需求对供给质量的要求不断提高时,经济体制内“责权利”等方面不够配套的问题就凸显出来。如何加强责任监督、责任追究,开始成为体制机制改革方面的重点。当前假冒伪劣、投机取巧、逃废债等逃避责任的行为,已为社会各方面广泛关注,批评声音日益强烈。这一体制机制的完善迫在眉睫。因为缺少制度保障,就难以通过规范生产者、管理者的行为,推动经济发展从“有没有”转向“好不好”。

从解决城镇化矛盾、拓展经济发展空间看,也需要从体制机制方面形成支持大中小城市联合发展的能力,促进基础设施、公共服务同城化发展的能力。这些都需要通过改革加强政府在长期规划、基础设施、公共服务、市场监管等方面的能力,划分好中央与地方政府间的相关职责。

总之,随着市场需求特点的深刻变化,决定供给形成的相关条件,亦即影响社会生产力发展的生产关系,必须进行调整。因此,深化相关领域的改革,必然成为推进供给侧结构性改革的关键。

③ 靠市场化、法治化手段落实五大任务

今年继续深化供给侧结构性改革,要坚持以改革为引领来调整和优化供给侧的结构,推动供给体系质量的全面提高。要依靠市场化、法治化手段加快落实供给侧结构性改革的五大任务。

落实去产能任务,关键是要抓住“僵尸企业”这个牛鼻子。解决企业僵而不死的现象,关键是加强制度建设,加强对资产损失的问责和追责。因此应该从控制产能总量的目标,更多地转向建立严格的制度,严格追究资产损失责任,特别是国有资产损失责任方面。从制度建设上明确企业主体责任,严格对责任的追究。同时还要完善破产退出的相关制度,包括法律执行、人员安置、债务处置等多个方面。落实去库存任务,最重要的是稳定提高中小城市的人气度,拓展房地产市场的发展空间。为此要积极推进以城市群作为主体形态的新型城镇化,发挥好中心城市的辐射带动作用,加快推进基础设施、公共服务同城化,加快补齐中小城市在这些方面的短板,提高其产城融合的水平。落实去杠杆任务,要抓住金融改革和金融监管这一重点。从制度建设方面来规范金融资产重组等债务处置活动,加强对金融风险的监控。落实降成本任务,最重要的是通过财税、金融、劳动力、资本市场、政府服务等多个方面的改革,着力改善企业的发展环境,降低企业的制度性成本。要进一步把财政资金的增量用于减税降费;同时,也要将其与其他相关改革紧密结合起来。通过改革加快建设开放、有序、竞争的市场体系,优化资源配置的效率,从制度环境的完善上来降低企业成本。落实补短板任务,关键要抓好政府自身的改革,加快转变政府职能。着力强化政府在基础设施、公共服务、社会基本保障、生态保护等方面的职能,从制度建设上更好地发挥政府的作用。通过改革增强政府相关能力,加快补齐中小城市基础设施和公共服务的短板;补齐城市地下基础设施的短板;进一步增强基本社会保障的能力,增强精准扶贫、脱贫,妥善安置企业下岗人员等方面的能力。

我们要牢牢抓住深化改革这条主线,坚持依靠市场化、法治化手段,从体制机制的完善上入手,从制度建设上入手,不断强化市场和政府的相关能力,适应我国新时期社会生产力发展的内在要求,调整和完善生产关系和相应的上层建筑,从制度的完善上促进总供给水平的动态调整,促进供给体系质量的持续提高,破除制约发展的瓶颈,拓宽经济发展空间,加快筑牢经济中高速平稳健康发展的基础。(作者系国务院发展研究中心宏观经济研究部研究员)

来源标题:从制度完善入手提高供给质量

责任编辑:韩新春(QY0001)  作者:张立群

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